Swiss Deutsch "Swiss" Deutsch Übersetzung
Schweizerdeutsch ist eine Sammelbezeichnung für die in der Deutschschweiz von allen Gesellschaftsschichten gesprochenen alemannischen Dialekte. Die schweizerische Variante des Standarddeutschen wird Schweizer Hochdeutsch genannt und ist nicht mit. Englisch-Deutsch-Übersetzungen für Swiss im Online-Wörterbuch kinabarn.se (Deutschwörterbuch). kinabarn.se | Übersetzungen für 'Swiss' im Englisch-Deutsch-Wörterbuch, mit echten Sprachaufnahmen, Illustrationen, Beugungsformen. Übersetzung für 'Swiss' im kostenlosen Englisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch von LANGENSCHEIDT – mit Beispielen, Synonymen und Aussprache. Viele übersetzte Beispielsätze mit "Swiss" – Deutsch-Englisch Wörterbuch und Suchmaschine für Millionen von Deutsch-Übersetzungen.
Ùzivo Frau Stirnimaa! by Lorenz Nufer | Switzerland Swiss-German, French and English with German surtitles. Their names are Oleg, Gustavo, Khaled, Arieta. Viele übersetzte Beispielsätze mit "Swiss" – Deutsch-Englisch Wörterbuch und Suchmaschine für Millionen von Deutsch-Übersetzungen. 1 adj Schweizer, schweizerisch he is Swiss er ist Schweizer she is Swiss sie ist Schweizerin the Swiss-German part of Switzerland die deutsch(sprachig)e.
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Today all formal writing, newspapers, books and much informal writing is done in Swiss Standard German , which is usually called Schriftdeutsch written German.
Certain dialectal words are accepted regionalisms in Swiss Standard German and are also sanctioned by the Duden , e. Swiss Standard German is virtually identical to Standard German as used in Germany, with most differences in pronunciation, vocabulary, and orthography.
There are no official rules of Swiss German orthography. The orthographies used in the Swiss-German literature can be roughly divided into two systems: Those that try to stay as close to standard German spelling as possible and those that try to represent the sounds as well as possible.
The so-called Schwyzertütschi Dialäktschrift was developed by Eugen Dieth , but knowledge of these guidelines is limited mostly to language experts.
In , a revised version of the Dieth-Schreibung was published, designed to be written "on a normal typewriter".
Since the 19th century, a considerable body of Swiss German literature has accumulated. Some of the more important dialect writing authors and their works are:.
Parts of the Bible were translated in different Swiss German dialects, e. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the mostly spoken Swiss language, a family of local dialects.
For the standardized language, see Swiss Standard German. This article needs additional citations for verification.
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This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in German. September Click [show] for important translation instructions.
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A model attribution edit summary Content in this edit is translated from the existing German Wikipedia article at [[:de:Schweizerdeutsch]]; see its history for attribution.
For more guidance, see Wikipedia:Translation. Language family. French Romandy. Play media. Archived from the original on 14 January Retrieved 13 January Glottolog 3.
IANA language subtag registry. Retrieved 11 January Retrieved 18 September Bundesamt für Statistik in German.
Retrieved 1 December Synchronic and diachronic perspectives. High Alemmanic. München: Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag, In: Dialektologie. Ein Handbuch zur deutschen und allgemeinen Dialektforschung.
Languages of Switzerland. French German Italian Romansh. Kennst du Übersetzungen, die noch nicht in diesem Wörterbuch enthalten sind?
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Links auf dieses Wörterbuch oder einzelne Übersetzungen sind herzlich willkommen! Fragen und Antworten. Summers tend to be warm and humid at times with periodic rainfall so they are ideal for pastures and grazing.
The less humid winters in the mountains may see long intervals of stable conditions for weeks, while the lower lands tend to suffer from inversion , during these periods, thus seeing no sun for weeks.
A weather phenomenon known as the föhn with an identical effect to the chinook wind can occur at all times of the year and is characterised by an unexpectedly warm wind, bringing air of very low relative humidity to the north of the Alps during rainfall periods on the southern face of the Alps.
This works both ways across the alps but is more efficient if blowing from the south due to the steeper step for oncoming wind from the south.
Valleys running south to north trigger the best effect. The driest conditions persist in all inner alpine valleys that receive less rain because arriving clouds lose a lot of their content while crossing the mountains before reaching these areas.
Large alpine areas such as Graubünden remain drier than pre-alpine areas and as in the main valley of the Valais wine grapes are grown there.
The wettest conditions persist in the high Alps and in the Ticino canton which has much sun yet heavy bursts of rain from time to time. Autumn is the driest season, winter receives less precipitation than summer, yet the weather patterns in Switzerland are not in a stable climate system and can be variable from year to year with no strict and predictable periods.
Switzerland's ecosystems can be particularly fragile, because the many delicate valleys separated by high mountains often form unique ecologies.
The mountainous regions themselves are also vulnerable, with a rich range of plants not found at other altitudes, and experience some pressure from visitors and grazing.
The climatic, geological and topographical conditions of the alpine region make for a very fragile ecosystem that is particularly sensitive to climate change.
However, access to biocapacity in Switzerland is far lower than world average. In , Switzerland had 1. In contrast, in , they used 4.
This means they used about 4. The remainder comes from imports and overusing the global commons such as the atmosphere through greenhouse gas emissions.
As a result, Switzerland is running a biocapacity deficit. The Federal Constitution adopted in is the legal foundation of the modern federal state.
It outlines basic and political rights of individuals and citizen participation in public affairs, divides the powers between the Confederation and the cantons and defines federal jurisdiction and authority.
There are three main governing bodies on the federal level:  the bicameral parliament legislative , the Federal Council executive and the Federal Court judicial.
The Swiss Parliament consists of two houses: the Council of States which has 46 representatives two from each canton and one from each half-canton who are elected under a system determined by each canton, and the National Council , which consists of members who are elected under a system of proportional representation , depending on the population of each canton.
Members of both houses serve for 4 years and only serve as members of parliament part-time so-called Milizsystem or citizen legislature. Through referendums , citizens may challenge any law passed by parliament and through initiatives , introduce amendments to the federal constitution, thus making Switzerland a direct democracy.
The Federal Council constitutes the federal government, directs the federal administration and serves as collective Head of State. It is a collegial body of seven members, elected for a four-year mandate by the Federal Assembly which also exercises oversight over the Council.
The President of the Confederation is elected by the Assembly from among the seven members, traditionally in rotation and for a one-year term; the President chairs the government and assumes representative functions.
However, the president is a primus inter pares with no additional powers, and remains the head of a department within the administration. The Swiss government has been a coalition of the four major political parties since , each party having a number of seats that roughly reflects its share of electorate and representation in the federal parliament.
Following the Federal Council elections , the seven seats in the Federal Council were distributed as follows:. The function of the Federal Supreme Court is to hear appeals against rulings of cantonal or federal courts.
The judges are elected by the Federal Assembly for six-year terms. Direct democracy and federalism are hallmarks of the Swiss political system.
The and Swiss Constitutions define a system of direct democracy sometimes called half-direct or representative direct democracy because it is aided by the more commonplace institutions of a representative democracy.
The instruments of this system at the federal level, known as popular rights German : Volksrechte , French : droits populaires , Italian : diritti popolari ,  include the right to submit a federal initiative and a referendum, both of which may overturn parliamentary decisions.
By calling a federal referendum, a group of citizens may challenge a law passed by parliament, if they gather 50, signatures against the law within days.
If so, a national vote is scheduled where voters decide by a simple majority whether to accept or reject the law.
Any 8 cantons together can also call a constitutional referendum on a federal law. Similarly, the federal constitutional initiative allows citizens to put a constitutional amendment to a national vote, if , voters sign the proposed amendment within 18 months.
Constitutional amendments, whether introduced by initiative or in parliament, must be accepted by a double majority of the national popular vote and the cantonal popular votes.
The Swiss Confederation consists of 26 cantons:  . The cantons are federated states , have a permanent constitutional status and, in comparison with the situation in other countries, a high degree of independence.
Under the Federal Constitution, all 26 cantons are equal in status, except that 6 referred to often as the half-cantons are represented by only one councillor instead of two in the Council of States and have only half a cantonal vote with respect to the required cantonal majority in referendums on constitutional amendments.
Each canton has its own constitution, and its own parliament, government, police and courts. The cantons comprise a total of 2, municipalities as of Traditionally, Switzerland avoids alliances that might entail military, political, or direct economic action and has been neutral since the end of its expansion in Its policy of neutrality was internationally recognised at the Congress of Vienna in Switzerland maintains diplomatic relations with almost all countries and historically has served as an intermediary between other states.
Many international institutions have their seats in Switzerland, in part because of its policy of neutrality. Even though Switzerland is one of the most recent countries to have joined the United Nations, the Palace of Nations in Geneva is the second biggest centre for the United Nations after New York, and Switzerland was a founding member and home to the League of Nations.
The Swiss Armed Forces , including the Land Forces and the Air Force , are composed mostly of conscripts, male citizens aged from 20 to 34 in special cases up to 50 years.
Being a landlocked country, Switzerland has no navy; however, on lakes bordering neighbouring countries, armed military patrol boats are used.
Swiss citizens are prohibited from serving in foreign armies, except for the Swiss Guards of the Vatican , or if they are dual citizens of a foreign country and reside there.
The structure of the Swiss militia system stipulates that the soldiers keep their Army issued equipment, including all personal weapons, at home.
Some organisations and political parties find this practice controversial. Men usually receive military conscription orders for training at the age of The reform "Army XXI" was adopted by popular vote in , it replaced the previous model "Army 95", reducing the effectives from , to about , Of those, , are active in periodic Army training and 80, are non-training reserves.
Overall, three general mobilisations have been declared to ensure the integrity and neutrality of Switzerland. The first one was held on the occasion of the Franco-Prussian War of — The second was in response to the outbreak of the First World War in August The third mobilisation of the army took place in September in response to the German attack on Poland ; Henri Guisan was elected as the General-in-Chief.
Because of its neutrality policy, the Swiss army does not currently take part in armed conflicts in other countries, but is part of some peacekeeping missions around the world.
Since the armed force department has also maintained the Onyx intelligence gathering system to monitor satellite communications. Following the end of the Cold War there have been a number of attempts to curb military activity or even abolish the armed forces altogether.
A notable referendum on the subject, launched by an anti-militarist group , was held on 26 November It was defeated with about two thirds of the voters against the proposal.
The large majority of firearms kept at home are issued by the Swiss army , but ammunition is no longer issued. Until the rather loosely coupled Confederation did not know a central political organisation, but representatives, mayors, and Landammänner met several times a year at the capital of the Lieu presiding the Confederal Diet for one year.
Until the legates met most of the time in Lucerne , but also in Zürich, Baden , Bern, Schwyz etc. From the Swabian War in onwards until Reformation, most conferences met in Zurich.
Afterwards the town hall at Baden, where the annual accounts of the common people had been held regularly since , became the most frequent, but not the sole place of assembly.
After Frauenfeld gradually dissolved Baden. From , the Catholic conferences were held mostly in Lucerne, the Protestant conferences from mostly in Aarau , the one for the legitimation of the French Ambassador in Solothurn.
At the same time the syndicate for the Ennetbirgischen Vogteien located in the present Ticino met from in Lugano and Locarno. In , the federal constitution provided that details concerning the federal institutions, such as their locations, should be taken care of by the Federal Assembly BV Art.
Thus on 28 November , the Federal Assembly voted in majority to locate the seat of government in Berne. In , a law RS fixed the compensations owed by the city of Bern for the federal seat.
The new constitution, however, does not contain anything concerning any Federal City. In a tripartite committee has been asked by the Swiss Federal Council to prepare the "creation of a federal law on the status of Bern as a Federal City", and to evaluate the positive and negative aspects for the city and the canton of Bern if this status were awarded.
After a first report the work of this committee was suspended in by the Swiss Federal Council, and work on this subject has not resumed since.
Switzerland has a stable, prosperous and high-tech economy and enjoys great wealth, being ranked as the wealthiest country in the world per capita in multiple rankings, while at the same time being one the least corrupt countries in the world.
It is the seventeenth largest exporter. Zürich and Geneva are regarded as global cities , ranked as Alpha and Beta respectively.
Basel is the capital of the pharmaceutical industry in Switzerland. With its world-class companies, Novartis and Roche, and many other players, it is also one of the world's most important centres for the life sciences industry.
Switzerland has the highest European rating in the Index of Economic Freedom , while also providing large coverage through public services.
The World Economic Forum's Global Competitiveness Report currently ranks Switzerland's economy as the most competitive in the world,  while ranked by the European Union as Europe's most innovative country.
The slow growth Switzerland experienced in the s and the early s has brought greater support for economic reforms and harmonisation with the European Union.
For much of the 20th century, Switzerland was the wealthiest country in Europe by a considerable margin by GDP — per capita.
Origin of the capital at the 30 biggest Swiss corporations, . Switzerland is home to several large multinational corporations. Switzerland is ranked as having one of the most powerful economies in the world.
Switzerland's most important economic sector is manufacturing. Manufacturing consists largely of the production of specialist chemicals , health and pharmaceutical goods, scientific and precision measuring instruments and musical instruments.
Agricultural protectionism—a rare exception to Switzerland's free trade policies—has contributed to high food prices. Switzerland has an overwhelmingly private sector economy and low tax rates by Western World standards; overall taxation is one of the smallest of developed countries.
The Swiss Federal budget had a size of The unemployment rate increased from a low of 1. GDP per hour worked is the world's 16th highest, at About 8.
Single-parent families, those with no post-compulsory education and those who are out of work are among the most likely to be living below the poverty line.
Although getting a job is considered a way out of poverty, among the gainfully employed, some 4. Education in Switzerland is very diverse because the constitution of Switzerland delegates the authority for the school system to the cantons.
The minimum age for primary school is about six years in all cantons, but most cantons provide a free "children's school" starting at four or five years old.
Traditionally, the first foreign language in school was always one of the other national languages, although recently English was introduced first in a few cantons.
At the end of primary school or at the beginning of secondary school , pupils are separated according to their capacities in several often three sections.
The fastest learners are taught advanced classes to be prepared for further studies and the matura ,  while students who assimilate a little more slowly receive an education more adapted to their needs.
There are 12 universities in Switzerland , ten of which are maintained at cantonal level and usually offer a range of non-technical subjects.
The first university in Switzerland was founded in in Basel with a faculty of medicine and has a tradition of chemical and medical research in Switzerland.
It is listed 87th on the Academic Ranking of World Universities. In addition, there are various Universities of Applied Sciences.
In business and management studies, the University of St. As might befit a country that plays home to innumerable international organisations, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies , located in Geneva , is not only continental Europe's oldest graduate school of international and development studies, but also widely believed to be one of its most prestigious.
Many Nobel Prize laureates have been Swiss scientists. They include the world-famous physicist Albert Einstein  in the field of physics, who developed his special relativity while working in Bern.
In total, Nobel Prize winners in all fields stand in relation to Switzerland  [note 11] and the Nobel Peace Prize has been awarded nine times to organisations residing in Switzerland.
Geneva and the nearby French department of Ain co-host the world's largest laboratory , CERN ,  dedicated to particle physics research. Another important research centre is the Paul Scherrer Institute.
Notable inventions include lysergic acid diethylamide LSD , diazepam Valium , the scanning tunnelling microscope Nobel prize and Velcro.
Some technologies enabled the exploration of new worlds such as the pressurised balloon of Auguste Piccard and the Bathyscaphe which permitted Jacques Piccard to reach the deepest point of the world's oceans.
Switzerland Space Agency, the Swiss Space Office , has been involved in various space technologies and programmes. In addition it was one of the 10 founders of the European Space Agency in and is the seventh largest contributor to the ESA budget.
In the private sector, several companies are implicated in the space industry such as Oerlikon Space  or Maxon Motors  who provide spacecraft structures.
Switzerland voted against membership in the European Economic Area in a referendum in December and has since maintained and developed its relationships with the European Union EU and European countries through bilateral agreements.
In March , the Swiss people refused in a popular vote to start accession negotiations with the EU. The application for membership of the EU was formally withdrawn in , having long been frozen.
The western French-speaking areas and the urban regions of the rest of the country tend to be more pro-EU, nonetheless with far from a significant share of the population.
To minimise the negative consequences of Switzerland's isolation from the rest of Europe, Bern and Brussels signed seven bilateral agreements to further liberalise trade ties.
These agreements were signed in and took effect in This first series of bilateral agreements included the free movement of persons. A second series covering nine areas was signed in and has since been ratified, which includes the Schengen Treaty and the Dublin Convention besides others.
In , Switzerland approved 1 billion francs of supportive investment in the poorer Southern and Central European countries in support of cooperation and positive ties to the EU as a whole.
A further referendum will be needed to approve million francs to support Romania and Bulgaria and their recent admission. The Swiss have also been under EU and sometimes international pressure to reduce banking secrecy and to raise tax rates to parity with the EU.
Preparatory discussions are being opened in four new areas: opening up the electricity market, participation in the European GNSS project Galileo , cooperating with the European centre for disease prevention and recognising certificates of origin for food products.
On 27 November , the interior and justice ministers of European Union in Brussels announced Switzerland's accession to the Schengen passport-free zone from 12 December The land border checkpoints will remain in place only for goods movements, but should not run controls on people, though people entering the country had their passports checked until 29 March if they originated from a Schengen nation.
On 9 February , Swiss voters narrowly approved by This initiative was mostly backed by rural In December , a compromise with the European Union was attained effectively canceling quotas on EU citizens but still allowing for favourable treatment of Swiss-based job applicants.
On 18 May , two anti-nuclear initiatives were turned down: Moratorium Plus , aimed at forbidding the building of new nuclear power plants The agency is supporting the watt society initiative to cut the nation's energy use by more than half by the year On 31 May the world's longest and deepest railway tunnel and the first flat, low-level route through the Alps, the It started its daily business for passenger transport on 11 December replacing the old, mountainous, scenic route over and through the St Gotthard Massif.
Switzerland has a publicly managed road network without road tolls that is financed by highway permits as well as vehicle and gasoline taxes.
Gallen-Altenrhein Airport and Sion Airport. Swiss International Air Lines is the flag carrier of Switzerland. Its main hub is Zürich, but it is legally domiciled in Basel.
Switzerland has one of the best environmental records among nations in the developed world;  it was one of the countries to sign the Kyoto Protocol in and ratified it in Switzerland developed an efficient system to recycle most recyclable materials.
Switzerland also has an economic system for garbage disposal, which is based mostly on recycling and energy-producing incinerators due to a strong political will to protect the environment.
In almost all Swiss municipalities, stickers or dedicated garbage bags need to be purchased that allow for identification of disposable garbage.
In , Switzerland's population slightly exceeded 8. In common with other developed countries, the Swiss population increased rapidly during the industrial era, quadrupling between and and has continued to grow.
Like most of Europe, Switzerland faces an ageing population , albeit with consistent annual growth projected into , due mostly to immigration and a fertility rate close to replacement level.
As of [update] , resident foreigners make up Immigrants from Sri Lanka , most of them former Tamil refugees, were the largest group among people of Asian origin 6.
Additionally, the figures from show that A third of this population , held Swiss citizenship. Four fifths of persons with an immigration background were themselves immigrants first generation foreigners and native-born and naturalised Swiss citizens , whereas one fifth were born in Switzerland second generation foreigners and native-born and naturalised Swiss citizens.
In the s, domestic and international institutions expressed concern about what was perceived as an increase in xenophobia , particularly in some political campaigns.
In reply to one critical report, the Federal Council noted that "racism unfortunately is present in Switzerland", but stated that the high proportion of foreign citizens in the country, as well as the generally unproblematic integration of foreigners, underlined Switzerland's openness.
Switzerland has four national languages : mainly German spoken by However, federal laws and other official acts do not need to be decreed in Romansh.
In , the languages most spoken at home among permanent residents aged 15 and older were Swiss German Other languages spoken at home included English 5.
The federal government is obliged to communicate in the official languages, and in the federal parliament simultaneous translation is provided from and into German, French and Italian.
Aside from the official forms of their respective languages, the four linguistic regions of Switzerland also have their local dialectal forms. The role played by dialects in each linguistic region varies dramatically: in the German-speaking regions, Swiss German dialects have become ever more prevalent since the second half of the 20th century, especially in the media, such as radio and television, and are used as an everyday language for many, while the Swiss variety of Standard German is almost always used instead of dialect for written communication c.
The principal official languages German, French, and Italian have terms, not used outside of Switzerland, known as Helvetisms. German Helvetisms are, roughly speaking, a large group of words typical of Swiss Standard German , which do not appear either in Standard German , nor in other German dialects.
These include terms from Switzerland's surrounding language cultures German Billett  from French , from similar terms in another language Italian azione used not only as act but also as discount from German Aktion.
The most frequent characteristics of Helvetisms are in vocabulary, phrases, and pronunciation, but certain Helvetisms denote themselves as special in syntax and orthography likewise.
Duden , the comprehensive German dictionary, contains about Helvetisms. Learning one of the other national languages at school is compulsory for all Swiss pupils, so many Swiss are supposed to be at least bilingual , especially those belonging to linguistic minority groups.
Swiss residents are universally required to buy health insurance from private insurance companies, which in turn are required to accept every applicant.
While the cost of the system is among the highest, it compares well with other European countries in terms of health outcomes; patients have been reported as being, in general, highly satisfied with it.
Between two thirds and three quarters of the population live in urban areas. Since urban development has claimed as much of the Swiss landscape as it did during the previous 2, years.
This urban sprawl does not only affect the plateau but also the Jura and the Alpine foothills  and there are growing concerns about land use.
Switzerland has a dense network of towns, where large, medium and small towns are complementary. These churches, and in some cantons also the Old Catholic Church and Jewish congregations, are financed by official taxation of adherents.
As of the census other Christian minority communities included Neo- Pietism 0. Non-Christian religions are Hinduism 0.
The country was historically about evenly balanced between Catholic and Protestant, with a complex patchwork of majorities over most of the country.
Switzerland played an exceptional role during the Reformation as it became home to many reformers. Geneva converted to Protestantism in , just before John Calvin arrived there.
In , he founded the Republic of Geneva on his own ideals. Zürich became another stronghold around the same time, with Huldrych Zwingli and Heinrich Bullinger taking the lead there.
Anabaptists Felix Manz and Conrad Grebel also operated there. Gallen Joachim Vadian. One canton, Appenzell, was officially divided into Catholic and Protestant sections in The Swiss Constitution of , under the recent impression of the clashes of Catholic vs.
Protestant cantons that culminated in the Sonderbundskrieg , consciously defines a consociational state , allowing the peaceful co-existence of Catholics and Protestants.
A initiative calling for the complete separation of church and state was rejected by Three of Europe's major languages are official in Switzerland.
Swiss culture is characterised by diversity, which is reflected in a wide range of traditional customs. Switzerland is home to many notable contributors to literature, art, architecture, music and sciences.
In addition the country attracted a number of creative persons during time of unrest or war in Europe. Alpine symbolism has played an essential role in shaping the history of the country and the Swiss national identity.
Other areas throughout the year have a recreational culture that caters to tourism, yet the quieter seasons are spring and autumn when there are fewer visitors.
A traditional farmer and herder culture also predominates in many areas and small farms are omnipresent outside the towns. Folk art is kept alive in organisations all over the country.
In Switzerland it is mostly expressed in music, dance, poetry, wood carving and embroidery. The alphorn , a trumpet-like musical instrument made of wood, has become alongside yodeling and the accordion an epitome of traditional Swiss music.
As the Confederation, from its foundation in , was almost exclusively composed of German-speaking regions, the earliest forms of literature are in German.
In the 18th century, French became the fashionable language in Bern and elsewhere, while the influence of the French-speaking allies and subject lands was more marked than before.
Probably the most famous Swiss literary creation, Heidi , the story of an orphan girl who lives with her grandfather in the Alps, is one of the most popular children's books ever and has come to be a symbol of Switzerland.
Her creator, Johanna Spyri — , wrote a number of other books on similar themes. The freedom of the press and the right to free expression is guaranteed in the federal constitution of Switzerland.
The SNA supplies almost all Swiss media and a couple dozen foreign media services with its news. Switzerland has historically boasted the greatest number of newspaper titles published in proportion to its population and size.
The cultural diversity accounts for a variety of newspapers. The government exerts greater control over broadcast media than print media, especially due to finance and licensing.
Radio content is produced in six central and four regional studios while the television programmes are produced in Geneva , Zürich , Basel , and Lugano.
An extensive cable network also allows most Swiss to access the programmes from neighbouring countries. Skiing , snowboarding and mountaineering are among the most popular sports in Switzerland, the nature of the country being particularly suited for such activities.
Moritz The latter town hosted the second Winter Olympic Games in and the fifth edition in Among the most successful skiers and world champions are Pirmin Zurbriggen and Didier Cuche.
The most prominently watched sports in Switzerland are football , ice hockey , Alpine skiing , " Schwingen ", and tennis.
Actually many other headquarters of international sports federations are located in Switzerland. The Swiss Super League is the nation's professional football club league.
Many Swiss also follow ice hockey and support one of the 12 teams of the National League , which is the most attended league in Europe. The numerous lakes make Switzerland an attractive place for sailing.The instruments of this system at the federal level, known Symbol Perle popular rights German : VolksrechteFrench : droits populairesItalian : diritti popolariBurrito Bison include the right to submit a federal initiative and a referendum, both of which may overturn parliamentary decisions. Useful words Here are some Friend Safari 3 Slots the most common words that might be good to know. Infants years 0? For more guidance, see Wikipedia:Translation. In the Congress of Vienna fully re-established Swiss independence and the European powers agreed to permanently recognise Swiss neutrality.